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MOSCOW: Russia said on Wednesday it was moving to limit the damage from an EU oil ban as its other key energy export, gas, has fallen after President Vladimir Putin sent troops to Ukraine.
At a summit on Monday, the EU agreed to a sixth package of sanctions on Moscow that will see the majority of Russian oil stopped, but exempted supplies by pipeline in a concession to Hungary.
“Sanctions will have a negative effect for Europe, us and the whole global energy market,”Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters.
Peskov added that a “reorientation” was under way to find alternatives for the oil that will no longer be sold to Europe.
“These are purposeful, systematic actions that will allow us to minimize the negative consequences,” he said.
Separately, Russian energy giant Gazprom said that its gas exports to countries outside of the former Soviet Union dropped by more than a quarter year-on-year between January and May after losing several European clients.
Exports to countries outside the region totaled 61 billion cubic meters, a 27.6-percent fall from the same period last year, Gazprom said in a statement.
Gazprom added that gas deliveries to China via the “Power of Siberia” pipeline were increasing, but it did not provide any figures.
Moscow has demanded that clients from “unfriendly countries” — including EU member states — now pay for their gas in rubles.
The new requirement is seen as a measure to sidestep Western financial sanctions against Russia’s central bank imposed over Moscow’s offensive in Ukraine.
So far Poland, Bulgaria, Finland and the Netherlands have had their natural gas deliveries suspended over refusing to pay in rubles.
Danish energy company Orsted said that Gazprom Export would cut gas supplies to Denmark on Wednesday after the Danish company refused to pay in rubles.
EU countries have scrambled to reduce their dependency on Russian energy but are divided about imposing a natural gas embargo as several member states are heavily reliant on Moscow’s energy supplies.
Economists believe that the worst economic impact of the sanctions is still to come and expect Russia to plunge into a deep recession.
Russia’s state statistics service said on Wednesday that the country’s industrial output shrank for the first time since the start of Moscow’s military campaign in Ukraine.
In April, industrial production fell by 1.6 percent compared to the same period last year.
Compared to March, industrial output shrank 8.5 percent, a major setback after a dynamic start to the year.
Car production fell by 85.4 percent, coal output by 6.5 percent and oil and gas production by 3.6 percent compared to the same period last year.
Retail sales fell by 9.7 percent in April year-on-year and by 11.3 percent compared to March.
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